'''Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra''' ( or ;
; 29 September 1547 (assumed)22 April 1616)
was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.
His major work, ''Don Quixote
'', is considered the first modern novel,
a classic of Western literature
, and is regarded among the best works of fiction ever written.
His influence on the Spanish language
has been so great that the language is often called ''la lengua de Cervantes'' ("the language of Cervantes").
He has also been dubbed ''El príncipe de los ingenios'' ("The Prince of Wits").
In 1569, in forced exile from Castile, Cervantes moved to Rome, where he worked as chamber assistant of a cardinal. Then he enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy Marines|Spanish Navy infantry
regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary...